Keeping yourself protected from cybercrime isn’t just about having the latest security solutions. Good IT security practices, including regular training for employees, are essential components of every single security setup. Make sure you’re following these 9 best practices:
1. Patch Early, Patch Often
The exploitation of unpatched vulnerabilities was the root cause for almost half of cyber incidents investigated by Sophos in 2021.¹ The earlier you patch, the fewer holes there are to be exploited.
2. Back up regularly and keep a recent backup copy off-line and off-site
73% of IT managers whose data was encrypted were able to restore it using backups.² Encrypt your backup data and keep it off-line and off-site. Practice restoring data from backups regularly.
3. Enable ﬁle extensions
5. Don’t enable macros in document attachments received via email
Microsoft deliberately turned off auto-execution of macros by default many years ago as a security measure. A lot of infections rely on persuading you to turn macros back on, so don’t do it!
6. Be cautious about unsolicited attachments
Cybercriminals often rely on an ages-old dilemma: knowing that you shouldn’t open a document until you are sure it’s legitimate, but not being able to tell if it’s malicious until you open it. If in doubt, leave it out.
7. Monitor administrator rights
Constantly review local and domain admin rights. Know who has them and remove those who don’t need them. Don’t stay logged in as an administrator any longer than necessary.
8. Regulate internal and external network access
Don’t leave ports exposed. Lock down your organization’s RDP access and other remote management protocols. Furthermore, use two-factor authentication and ensure remote users authenticate against a VPN.
9. Use strong passwords
A weak and predictable password can give hackers access to your entire network. We recommend making them impersonal, at least 12 characters long, using a mix of upper and lower case, and adding random punctuation Ju5t.LiKETh1s!
- The Active Adversary Playbook 2022 – Sophos
- State of Ransomware 2022
This educational material is brought to you in partnership with Sophos Ltd. and Connectwise Inc.